Resistance to currently available antimalarial drugs has been confirmed in only two of the four human malaria parasite species, first developed independently in three to four areas in Southeast Asia, Oceania, and South America in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Since then, chloroquine resistance has spread to nearly all areas of the world where falciparum malaria is transmitted. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate 200 mg oral tablet Can you gain weight on plaquenil Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. It is also occasionally used for amebiasis that is occurring outside the intestines, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus erythematosus. It is taken by mouth. Common side effects include muscle problems, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and skin rash. Serious Malaria is caused by four different protozoa Plasmodium Vivax which is more prevalent in low endemic areas, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium falciparum which is the most dangerous of the four. The prevalence of malaria is more dependent on the abundance of the female anopheles mosquito. Chloroquine was the main drug used in treatment of malaria throughout the periods studied, with frequency of prescription at both sites ranging from 91.4% to 98.3% during the pre-resistance years. It was administered as standard doses during the pre resistance years. Anti-histamines, especially promethazine. Although resistance to these drugs tends to be much less widespread geographically, in some areas of the world, the impact of multi-drug resistant malaria can be extensive. Has also developed resistance to nearly all of the other currently available antimalarial drugs, such as sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine, mefloquine, halofantrine, and quinine. Nigeria malaria chloroquine resistance Chloroquine-Resistant Malaria The Journal of Infectious., Malaria in Nigeria; Causes, Effects and Possible Treatment. How effective is plaquenil for lupusDoes prednisone and plaquenil work for ankylosing spondylitits The Nigeria Medical Association has debunked claims on social media that chloroquine phosphate is a cure for coronavirus, aka COVID-19, saying the anti-malaria drug is not a proven antidote. Chloroquine not cure for coronavirus –NMA – Punch Newspapers. Potential contribution of prescription. - Malaria Journal. Drug resistance in malaria - World Health Organization. May 01, 2018 Unchecked, insecticide resistance could lead to a substantial increase in malaria incidence and mortality. The global malaria community and for that matter, Nigeria, needs to take urgent action to prevent an increase in insecticide resistance, and to maintain the effectiveness of existing vector-control interventions. Coronavirus Nigeria reports chloroquine poisonings after Donald Trump touts antimalarial drug as treatment Health authorities see long queues at pharmacies in wake of US president’s remarks Chloroquine was banned as a first line treatment drug for malaria in Nigeria in 2005. The decision, based on the recommendation of the World Health Organisation, was taken by the Federal Ministry.