It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine dermatology What is the eye screening test before you take plaquenil Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug. Fox RI1. Author information 1Department of Rheumatology, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA 92037. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Mechanism of action The mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of Plaquenil are unknown. Indications and Usage for Plaquenil Malaria. Plaquenil is indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria due to P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax. Mechanism Hydroxychloroquine is thought to improve symptoms of systemic diseases by preventing inflammation. For example, to treat both rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus SLE, it has been hypothesized that the drug suppresses T-lymphocytes by increasing the pH inside lysosomes, which disables leukocyte chemotaxis. This prevents leukocytes from being activated which decrease the inflammation seen in many systemic diseases. Today, it is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, some symptoms of lupus, childhood arthritis (or juvenile idiopathic arthritis) and other autoimmune diseases. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Hydroxychloroquine rheumatoid arthritis mechanism Hydroxychloroquine decreases Th17-related cytokines in., Plaquenil - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses Hydroxychloroquine wartsCan metoprolol and plaquenil be taken togetherReasons to take plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Today, it is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, some symptoms of lupus, childhood arthritis or juvenile idiopathic arthritis and other autoimmune diseases. It is not clear why hydroxychloroquine is effective at treating autoimmune diseases. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. Hydroxychloroquine - American Osteopathic College of.. Hydroxychloroquine - Wikipedia. Hydroxychloroquine is classified as an anti-malarial drug. It is similar to chloroquine Aralen and is useful in treating several forms of malaria as well as lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Its mechanism of action. Hydroxychloroquine is commonly used alongside other disease-modifying drugs including methotrexate – especially for rheumatoid arthritis. However, some drugs can interact with hydroxychloroquine. Indigestion remedies for example, antacids including some over-the-counter preparations can stop hydroxychloroquine being absorbed. Definition NCI A 4-aminoquinoline with immunosuppressive, antiautophagy, and antimalarial activities. Although the precise mechanism of action is unknown, hydroxychloroquine may suppress immune function by interfering with the processing and presentation of antigens and the production of cytokines.